Chess is believed to have originated in India, derived from the Indian game of chaturanga. The pieces took on their current powers in Spain in the late 15th century; the rules were finally standardized in the 19th century. Since 1948, the World Championship has been controlled by FIDE, Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation. Chess is played by millions of people worldwide, both amateurs and professionals. The TrapApps version is a basic simple version of the game.
The object of the game is to capture the opponents king.
To Setup the Board:
Chess is a two player game. Each player has 16 pieces, of a specific color, which are lined up 8 each in the first two rows, on each side of the board, directly in front of each player. The board is 8x8 squares of 2 alternating colors black and red (commonly known as the checkerboard design). There are 2 sets of 16 pieces, 1 set red and 1 set black, each set includes:
The 8 pawns are lined up on the each player’s frontline, or the second row from the player. All other pieces are placed on the backline or row nearest the player. The rooks or castles are placed in each corner, the knights are next to the rooks, then the bishops are next, the king and queen are in the center two squares with the queen placed on the same color square, in other words the red queen is on the red square and the black queen is on the black square.
The movement of each piece:
- Pawns-may move forward one square to the vacant square immediately in front of it or on its first move it may advance two squares forward, as long as, both squares are vacant. The the pawn may capture an opponent's piece on a square diagonally in front of it by moving to that square. The pawn has two special moves: the en passant capture and pawn promotion.
- Rooks-can move either direction horizontally or vertically any number of squares but cannot jump over another piece.
- Knights-can move either direction horizontally or vertically in an L-shape, for example 2 squares left and 1 square down, 1 square up and 2 squares right, or any L-shape 1 and 2 square combination. Knights can jump over other pieces
- Bishops-can move either direction diagonally any number of squares but cannot jump over another piece.
- Queen-may move any direction horizontally, vertically, and diagonally any number of squares but cannot jump over another piece.
- King-moves one square in any direction
The player to the immediate left of the designated dealer always plays first and the play proceeds clockwise until it is changed by the game:
- The player to play first is randomly selected and turns are indicated by the arrow. Play alternates between the players throughout the game. The number of pieces each player has on the board is displayed underneath their name in each player’s information field.
To move a piece the player clicks the desired piece, which lights up, and then clicks the square they wish to move it to, which also highlights up. The squares remain momentarily highlighted, so the players can see where the piece was moved from and to.
- Players can only move their own pieces.
- Each piece has rules for movement and can only complete legal moves.
- All Chess pieces have the ability to capture an opponent’s piece during legal moves by landing on the square where the piece is sitting..
- The opponent’s piece is then removed from the board which can be seen as subtracted from the number of pieces displayed in the player information area.
Scoring includes wins, loses, and draws.
To win a player must capture their opponent’s king.
All types of Chess pieces have unique abilities, although some consider the queen the most powerful, while the king is the most important.
Modified on 10/26/16 from Wikipedia